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Total Cronbach’s alpha was The BDD-YBOCS had excellent inter-rater ( intra-class correlation coefficient [ICC] = ; p < ) and intra-rater reliability. The BDD-YBOCS is an observer rated scale to assess the severity of BDD The COPS is a self-report scale designed to screen for symptoms of BDD in. body dysmorphic disorder scale notes. The body dysmorphic disorder scale ( BDD-YBOCS) was developed by Katharine Phillips and colleagues (details at the .

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A severity rating scale for body dysmorphic disorder: One of the major challenges in bxd with patients with BDD is that insight is usually absent or poor.

BDD | Scales used for BDDScales used for BDD – BDD

Other items, however, such as functional impairment and avoidance due to BDD thoughts and repetitive behaviors, typically require careful clinical questioning and clinical judgment to accurately capture and score the broad range of behavioral consequences of this disorder. Written informed consent was obtained from all participants after the procedures had been fully explained and prior to their inclusion in the study; anonymity was assured.

Items 11 and 12 assess insight and avoidance respectively. Individuals with BDD frequently seek cosmetic surgery to correct perceived defects and reduce the extreme dissatisfaction with their physical appearance. After informed consent, patients were given the opportunity to express their comprehension of the scale and suggest any changes they considered necessary.


Diagnosis and Clinical Assessment in BDD

Resistance to compulsions 0. The other factor had factor loadings ranging from. American Psychiatric Publishing; Yet, research has shown that patients want their clinician to ask them about BDD symptoms.

American Journal of Psychiatry, 1 The area under the ROC curve was 0. Sao Paulo Med J. Construct validity is the process through which the correlation of a ybocw with other variables is yvocs for theoretical consistency.

It is free to use but should be cited in any publication. The questionnaire has 10 items and the range is 0 to If social anxiety and social avoidance are due to embarrassment and shame about perceived appearance flaws, and diagnostic criteria for BDD are met, BDD should be diagnosed rather than social anxiety disorder social phobia.

Issues to Consider During bxd Clinical Assessment Clinicians must ascertain that the patient is preoccupied with one or more nonexistent or slight defects in their physical appearance for example, thinks about the perceived defects for at least an hour a day.

Patient selection was conducted between May and March A consensus back-translated version was produced and compared with the original English version. In part, because of this perception, high levels of social isolation and minimal social supports are described by many with Bvd.

Being housebound, having problematic social anxiety and social avoidance, and experiencing depression especially if treatment-resistantanxiety, or suicidality are not specific to BDD; however, these symptoms may be a clue to the presence of BDD.

For the majority of these individuals, BDD symptoms are the reason for their suicidality, and the rates of suicidal thoughts for individuals with BDD is 10 to 25 times higher than that of the general population. Degree of control over thoughts related to the body defect 0. Validity Face validity evaluates ygocs the instrument appears to measure what it was designed to measure. Bdf is available for a nominal fee or may be used for free in research write to Professor Cash.


This analysis resulted in the development of consensus version 1 of the BBD-YBOCS in Brazilian Portuguese, which was appropriately adapted to the linguistic and cultural context of the target population, maintaining all the essential characteristics of the original scale in English.

Rev Bras Tbocs Plast.

The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used to test the data for normal distribution. Demographic characteristics, phenomenology, comorbidity, and family history in individuals with body dysmorphic disorder. An International Journal of Research, 2, issue 2. Cultural adaptation or pretest Version 1 of the scale was administered to 30 patients to test eventual failures of the respondents to comprehend the items.

A consensus Brazilian Portuguese version of the scale was then obtained by combining elements from both translations. Suicidality in body dysmorphic disorder. Correlates of quality of life and functional disability in individuals with body dysmorphic disorder.