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Introducción. La derivación ventriculoatrial y la ventriculopleural (DVP) son métodos alternativos a la derivación ventriculoperitoneal para el drenaje del líquido. ¿Cuáles son las posibles complicaciones de un sistema de derivación? Aunque la hidrocefalia se conocía antiguamente como “agua en el cerebro”, el “ agua” un pequeño conducto entre el tercero y cuarto ventrículo en la mitad del cerebro. catéter se coloca normalmente dentro de la cavidad peritoneal ( abdominal). Derivação ventriculoperitoneal com válvula no tratamento da hidrocefalia infantil . O. — Derivación Ventriculo-atrial para el Tratamiento de la Hidrocefalia por.

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Br J Neurosurg, 2pp. Sub-galeal coiling of the proximal and distal components of a ventriculo-peritoneal shunt.

Report of three cases. Pediatr Neurosci, 15pp. Br J Neurosurg, 15pp. Ventriculopleural shunts for hydrocepahlus: Upward dislocation of peritoneal catheter into the ventricular cavity.

From this place downwards the shunt tubing could not be palpated.

Evaluation of the ventriculo-peritoneal shunt with valve in the treatment of hydrocephalus

Childs Nery Syst ; Five cases trested with Methicilin. Child’s Brain, 5pp. Surg Neurol, 42pp. After a follow-up period of 22 months all shunts were functioning well and the only patient with symptoms of hydrocephalus was the one who required valve replacement at six months.

How effective are ventriculopleural shunts?. Full pdritoneal available only in PDF format.

Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca. Most instances of this occurrence have been related with the use of unishunts and valveless systems 1,12, In all three cases, as in the one that we report now, the system contained a spring-reinforced Raimondi catheter.


The indication for VPS was peritoneal adhesions in four cases, persistent ascites in two, ventriculoatrial valve obstruction in one, and infection of the peritoneal shunt peritonitis in one.

Evaluation of the ventriculo-peritoneal shunt with valve in the treatment of hydrocephalus. Plain radiographs of the CSF draining system disclosed that the swelling consisted of the shunt peritoneal catheter that appeared coiled, being the distal part of the tubing missing from its expected course Figure.

He was warned about this possibility arising in the future. A literature review of all possible sites for shunt migration is beyond the scope of our paper. A rare complication of the ventriculo-peritoneal shunt. Glioblastoma with extracranial metastasis through ventriculopleural shunt: Others have also documented penetration of shunts within the cerebral ventricles 1,9,10,13, All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License.

Child’s Nerv Syst, 16pp. Retrograde migration of ventriculoperitoneal shunt to the neck. Valves newly designed to prevent overdrainage of cerebrospinal fluid give satisfactory results, such that VPS should be considered as an alternative to peritoneal drainage.

The aim of this study was to analyze outcome after VPS in eight patients in whom we used the new valves for avoiding overdrainage of cerebrospinal fluid.

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Past history revealed that he had been operated, as a newborn, for myelomeningocele and given a VPS 3 weeks later. Ventriculoperitoneal shunting used as a temporary diversion.

Childs New Syst ; 9: Mechanical complications, especially those related to shunt-parts disconnection and downward catheter migration have diminished with the growing use of shunts made up with soldered pieces.


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Symptomatic pleural collection of cerebrospinal fluid caused by a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. Migration of ventriculo-peritoneal shunt into the lateral ventricle of an adult. Services on Demand Journal. Ventriculopleural shunting for adult hydrocephalus.

A review of five cases. Tension hydrothorax due to ventriculopleural shunting. Complications related to shunt use are commonly classified as infectious, mechanical or functional. Material and Method Nine VPS procedures were performed in eight hydrocephalic patients between and Discussion Several unusual complications due to the dislocation of the shunts components have been reported.

Surg Neurol ; 4: The externally adjustable Sophy valve was used in six cases. Pediatr Neurosurg, 29pp. The ninth case involved replacement of a previously obstructed valve. Hydrocephalus and the cerebrospinal fluid, pp. Plain radiographs of the cervical region showed that the swelling was made up by a migrated and coiled peritoneal catheter. The death of one patient 36 months after surgery was unrelated to pleural drainage. Child’s Brain, 3pp. Pseudocysts of the abdomen associated with ventriculoperitoneal shunts: The death of one patient 36 months after surgery was unrelated to pleural drainage.

We briefly discuss the proposed mechanism for this complication and suggest that this occurrence must be taken into account at the time of evaluating a patient with shunt malfunction. J Pediatr, 46pp.