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King Gesar is a heroic epic created by the Tibetans from a collection of ancient legends, myths, verses, proverbs and various other folk cultures. This page is about the plots of King Gesar, a famous Tibetan epic, including birth of Gesar, how did Gesar become the King of Tibet and what. The first and only English translation of the centuries-old Tibetan spiritual allegory of King Gesar, a tale on a par with The Arabian Nights or the King Arthur .

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Kesar married Brug-gu-ma ‘a fragment of grain’ and becomes king of gLing. Despite the age kingg the traditionthe oldest extant text of the epic is actually the Mongolian woodblock print commissioned by the Qing Emperor Kangxi in According to these versions, the great Tengri Khormusta Turmas, Khorbustu, Hormust khan of the celestial tribes of the West waged war with Atai Ulan, khan of the malicious gods of the east.

Previous Ephraem the Syrian. The Khalkha oral version calls him Altan Bogdo khan. Instead of dying a normal death he departs into a hidden realm from which he may return at some time in the future to save his people from their enemies.

History of civilizations of Central Asia. He wars against Gal Dulme, the personification of volcanic activitywho was born from Atai Ulan’s corpse.

Some bards of this epic sgrung: The kidnapping of ‘Brug-mo.

Epic of King Gesar – Wikipedia

Views Read View source View history. Chos rgyal of the Tibetan Imperial Period seventh-ninth centuries C. Its classic version is to be found in central Tibet. When Gesar reaches his eighties, he briefly descends to Hell as a last episode before he leaves the land of men and ascends once more to his celestial paradise.


Presses Universitaires de France. It mirrors Tibetans’ longing for happy and peacefu Science and Civilization in China. King Gesar is a heroic epic created by the Tibetans from a collection of ancient legends, myths, verses, proverbs and various other folk cultures of Tibet.

The first part of the Mongolian epic of Geser Khan. However, the oral versions known to us today are not, according to R. Though the epic was sung all over Tibetan-speaking regions, with Kham and Amdo long regarded as the centres for its diffusion, [30] traditions do connect Gesar with the former Kingdom of Ling Wylie: Given that the mythological and allegorical elements of the story defy place and timethe historicity of figures in the cycle is indeterminate.

None of the Tibetan texts that have come down to us are earlier than the 18th century, although they are likely based on older texts that have not survived.

Tibetan music needs to be explored in your lifetime. The epic is composed of a very large Body of versions, each with many variants, and is reputed by some to be the longest in the world.

Because of his youth Gesar is unable to defeat Gal Dulme by himself, and the deed is performed with assistance from his elder brother. It has been responsive to regional culture and folklore, local conflicts, religious trends, and even political changes on the world stage.

Western calculations speak of more than 50 different Books edited so far in ChinaIndia and Tibet.

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The Gelug school disapproved of the epic, while the Kagyu and Nyingma schools generally favoured it, seeing it as an expression of the activity of Padmasambhava and as a vehicle for Buddhist teachings, especially of the Dzogchen school. Tibetan music needs to be explored in your lifetime. They also contain a detailed and drastically different prologue to Gesar’s exploits.

Firstly, it is a flavor of the plateau. Orgyen Tobgyal Rinpoche recently explained that in the Nyingmapa perspective: Unlike other folk artists, performers of the Gesar epic do not pass their legacy from master to apprentice, or from father to son. Another version has been translated into German by Prof. Among the Buryat he is known as Abai Geser Khubun.

Tibetan Heroic Epic – King Gesar

It is then explained how, later on, the world in general, and Tibet in particular, fell into a state of anarchy because the many negative spirits and demons of Tibet had not been fully conquered.

Episodes from the life of King Gesar are the subject of fairy tales and folk stories, such as the Story of Seven Brothers, and of carvings, paintings, murals, woodcuts, embroideries, songs, dances, and plays. His first campaign as king is against Klu-btsan, the man-eating demon of the north.

Catherine has dedicated herself to Tibet inbound tourism and China tour for 15 years.