PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version P. 15 mar. O planejamento descentralizado de Jane Jacobs. começa em nível teórico na introdução de “Morte e Vida das Grandes Cidades”. Apesar de. In this indispensable book, urban visionary Jane Jacobs – renowned author of The Death and Life of Great Jacobs pinpoints five pillars of our culture that are in serious decay: community and family; higher Morte e vida de grandes cidades.
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She developed her ideas on this in three books which each have the word “cities” in the title. Hence this region will not suffer the fate of so many American company towns, which die after the corporation that feeds them moves elsewhere. Fico impressionada com a atualidade desse livro de Eu estou lendo e me deliciando com ele. Every critic of Jacobs admits that her work makes them think.
It is therefore not surprising that her work has caused the usual reactions. Even worse, some people nowadays seem gandes flee from the grrandes of the city and consciously choose to vas in a quiet newly build neighborhood or rural area. She also claims that scientific debates have a strongly ideological nature. In Systems of Survival English youth gangs, the pre-historic cultures of India, and the debt crisis of the Third World are just as easily discussed as the influence of the Italian Mob in Canada, the customs of the East-African tribe – and the adventures of her father in law in the American Civil War.
According to some, this goes too far and the danger of “physical determinism” is enormous: She considers the jargon of experts simply as intellectual bragging that diverts the attention away from the issues which really matter in the unruly reality.
Jacobs strongly believes in this by nature stimulated innovation. Finally, economic systems are, like ecosystems, “dynamic gdandes according to the New York company, which means that they can survive through changes within the system itself. The elements of the city, “the people, streets, parks, neighborhoods, the government, the economy,” cannot exist without one another and are, like the organs of the human body, connected with nane other.
Policy makers who want to dedicate themselves to increasing city diversity can learn a lot from Jacobs.
Vida e Morte das Rodovias Urbanas | WRI Brasil Cidades Sustentáveis
In such a busy and diverse neighborhood the local supermarket, the kebab shop and the chain store can coexist without problems. More and more municipalities in Europe – whether or not consciously – use her ideas successfully. Also in her later work do we clearly see this facts-based method.
Later she said that this time in New York taught her a lot about city life and the social-economic dynamic it radiates, a theme which reccurs in her work.
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Jacobs still has a love-hate relation towards writing: From this perspective, even taking out the garbage or having a talk with a passer-by is a deed of dramatic expression.
From the sixties to the middle of the eighties Jacobs mainly wrote about the problems of cities and their role in the economy and society. Pedestrians must have the possibility to go round, take a different route sometimes, and thereby discovering something new. In the periods when she was unemployed, she took long walks through New York and observed the hustle and bustle of the city.
Quem planeja? O planejamento descentralizado de Jane Jacobs | Caos Planejado
The cross-fertilization which results from that diversity works as a magnet for companies that are looking for a new place to establish themselves. Only in combination do they lead to the diversity that is needed for a blossoming city life. Then she found out how little planning theory corresponded with the reality of city life. Although Jacobs does not always agree with the policy of the municipality, according to her Toronto continues to be a model of a diverse and vital city, or “a city which works.
They moved into a house in the cozy New York neighborhood of Greenwich Village and raised their three children there. If in a neighborhood there is only activity at night, or in the morning, as in many business or commuter areas, activities like hotel and catering, culture and retail trade hardly get the chance to blossom.
Fundamental Values “Cities – how shall I put it?
This is how people get the feeling of belonging to a community, or being at home somewhere. Tricky discussions about privatizing the national railroad system, the desirability of socially responsible enterprises and the question whether or not to introduce efficiency incentives at the police and in education indicate how delicate the relationship between public and private is. The economist Robert Lucas, for example, says that the book Cities and the Wealth of Nations led him to study the relationship between knowledge, innovation and economic growth – a contribution for which he uacobs later, inget a Jacos prize.
Jacobs accepted all kinds of jobs, varying from journalist to secretary, but sometimes could find no work at all.
It is difficult to pigeonhole this now elderly woman, just like many intellectuals. Although Jacobs may have studied a couple jacovs subjects at university, she has never finished an academic study.
The meshwork as a whole is decentralized, and it does not grow by planning, but by a kind of creative drift”. The trade syndrome is the domain of entrepreneurs and is based on commercial values like competition, efficiency, entrepreneurship, innovation and keeping to agreements. For current municipal policy makers, her vision on city diversity is of importance. For a healthy development of society, traders and guards need each other – without trade there is no prosperity and without maintenance of law and order after all no trade.
Cities and the Wealth of Nations.
Through many digressions and examples, they recognize that economic systems essentially function according ggandes the same principles as nature. According to Jacobs, however, cities already existed before humankind even started with agriculture; in fact, it was the cities that have made agricultural activities possible. In neighborhoods with a mix of functions, however, throughout the fidades these facilities are needed which in itself starts a process of reinforcement.
According to Jacobs, macro-economic figures like growth or unemployment percentages give a biased view: It is therefore not surprising that Jacobs uses a large number of sources; she does not get her inspiration from the most recent scientific article, but in contrast, from classical works, popular-scientific bestsellers, autobiographies and national newspapers.
Her motto is and stays: Even though Jacobs is advanced in years now and she vica from physical ailments, she is determined to write two more books, namely A Short Biography of the Human Race and Uncovering the Economy. Jaxobs, Jacobs believes that a city benefits from short building blocks and an intricate street structure.
Leia agora o “A natureza das economias”, escrito 40 anos depois do “Morte e Vida”. Within economic science, “evolutionary economics” is strongly on the rise.